Your brain is a made of soft tissue that is easily bruised. Luckily, your hard skull surrounds the brain and a fluid between the two acts as a buffer. Therefore, day-to-day walking, running, jumping and other activities can occur with little incident. Sometimes, however, head trauma can occur which causes the brain to shift or jolt inside its home, thereby bruising the soft tissue. This is a concussion.
Knowing how to tell if someone is concussed is an invaluable skill that can quite literally save someone’s life. When someone endures a concussion, immediate assistance from a physician is necessary so he or she can make an educated judgment as to what treatment should be administered.
One of the most important things when receiving a concussion is the prevention of further head trauma. If a player isn't aware that they've received a concussion and they continue to engage in whatever activity caused the trauma, there is a chance that more extreme damage can occur, even debilitating brain damage or death.
Contact sports such as football, hockey, boxing, rugby, and soccer have a high incidence of concussions, but they are not limited to these activities alone. Basketball, cheerleading, car accidents, and an unlimited number of sources have all been known to cause concussions.
Concussions are not always accompanied by a period of unconsciousness, though they very often do. They also don’t necessarily have to come from a head blow and can occur from any incident that jars the head around, as in the case of some forms of whiplash. Some symptoms of concussions are:
- Not thinking clearly
- Feeling slowed down
- Not being able to concentrate
- Not being able to remember new information
- No memory of the period of time before and after the incident
- Feeling “not right” or “different”
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fuzzy or blurry vision
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Balance problems
- Feeling tired or having no energy
- Easily upset or angered
- Nervous or anxious
- More emotional
- Sleeping more than usual
- Sleeping less than usual
- Having a hard time falling asleep
Recovery from a concussion can take anywhere from a few hours to months. Learn more about how Gotham helps you recover from a concussion here: Concussion Rehabiliation.
If you or another is showing signs of a concussion, it is best to contact the experts at Gotham City Orthopedics. Never hesitate to call, no matter the time of day. Seeing an expert in concussion diagnosis and treatment is the most important thing you can do after receiving head trauma of any kind.