Your brain is a made of soft tissue that is easily bruised. Luckily, your hard skull surrounds the brain, and between the two is a fluid that acts as a buffer. This makes it so day-to-day walking, running, jumping and other activities can occur with little incident. Sometimes, however, head trauma can occur which causes the brain to shift or jolt inside its home, thereby bruising the soft tissue. This is a concussion.
Contact sports such as football, hockey, boxing, rugby and soccer have a high incidence of concussions, but they are not limited to these activities alone. Basketball, cheerleading, car accidents and an unlimited number of sources all have been known to cause concussions.
Knowing how to tell if one is concussed is an invaluable skill that can quite literally save someone’s life. When one endures a concussion, assistance from one’s physician is necessary right away so he or she can make an educated judgment as to what treatment should be administered. One of the most important things when receiving a concussion is the prevention of further head trauma. If one isn’t aware that another has received a concussion, and they continue to engage in whatever activity caused the trauma, there is a chance that more extreme damage can occur, even debilitating brain damage or death.
Concussions are not always accompanied by a period of unconsciousness, though they very often do. They also don’t necessarily have to come from a head blow, but can even occur from an incident that jars the head around, as in the case of some forms of whiplash. Some symptoms of concussions are:
- Not thinking clearly
- Feeling slowed down
- Not being able to concentrate
- Not being able to remember new information
- No memory of the period of time before and after the incident
- Feeling “not right” or “different”
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fuzzy or blurry vision
- Sensitivity to light or noise
- Balance problems
- Feeling tired or having no energy
- Easily upset or angered
- Nervous or anxious
- More emotional
- Sleeping more than usual
- Sleeping less than usual
- Having a hard time falling asleep
Recovery from a concussion can take anywhere from a few hours to months.
If you or another is showing signs of a concussion, it is best to contact the experts at Gotham City Orthopedics. Never hesitate to call, no matter the time of day. Seeing an expert in concussion diagnosis and treatment is the most important thing you can do after receiving head trauma of any kind.